Rogier van der Weyden (Rogier de le Pasture (1399 or 1400 – June 18, 1464) was an Early Netherlandish painter. His surviving works consist mainly of religious triptychs, alterpieces and commissioned single and diptych portraits. Although his life and career were generally uneventful, he was highly successful and internationally famous in his lifetime -his painting were exported, or taken, to Italy and Spain, and he received commissions from, amongst others, Philip the Good, Netherlandish nobility and foreign princes. By the latter half of the century, he had eclipsed Jan van Eyck in popularity. His fame lasted until the 17th century, and largely due to changing taste, he was almost totally forgotten by the mid 18th century. His reputation was slowly rebuilt during the following 200 years; today he is known, after Robert Campin and van Eyck, as the third (by birth date) of the three great Early Netherlandish artists, and widely as the most influential Northern painter of the 15th century.
Van der Weyden worked from life models, and his observations were acute, yet he often idealised certain elements of his models facial features, and they are typically statuesque, espcially in his triptychs. All of his forms are rendered with rich, warm colourisation and a sympathetic expression, while he is known for his expressive pathos and naturalism. His portraits tend to be half length and half profile, and as he is as sympathetic here as in his religious triptychs. van der Weyden utilised an unusually broad range of colours and varied tones; in his finest work the same tone is not repeated in any other area of the canvas; even the whites are varied.
Little record of the details of his life survive, and those that do are often open to interpretation. He left no self portraits. Many of his most important works were destroyed during the late 17th century. van der Weyden is first mentioned in historical records in 1427 when, coming to painting relatively later in life, he studied under Campin during 1427-32, but soon out shone us master and later even influenced him. After his apprenticeship he was made master of the Tournai Guild of St Luke. He moved to Brussels in 1435, where he quickly established his reputation for his technical skill and emotional use of line and colour. He completed his Deposition in 1435, which as he had deliberately intended, made him one of the most sought after and influential artists in northern Europe and is still considered his masterpiece.